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Body changes during pregnancy are expected. As your pregnancy progresses you will experience physical changes, including backaches, weight gain and fluid retention. Symptoms like these, while uncomfortable, are normal, and often will go away after you give birth or as your pregnancy progresses.

In the meantime, there are ways to manage these symptoms so you can feel your best during, and after, your pregnancy.

Weight Gain

Weight gain is one of the most noticeable physical changes during pregnancy. Try to keep in mind that the extra weight is important for a healthy pregnancy and will eventually come off after you've had the baby. Concentrate on:

  • Eating nutritious meals 
  • Cutting out junk food
  • Exercising regularly (after first checking with your doctor).


If you experience backache brought on by pregnancy, try these methods for reducing discomfort and getting a good night's sleep (under your doctor's supervision):

  • Simple stretching or yoga to strengthen and stretch back and leg muscles
  • Treat yourself to a massage to relax and loosen tight back muscles
  • Try sleeping on your side with a pillow between your bent knees to support your lower back 

Swollen Ankles and Feet

Because your body retains more fluid during pregnancy, you may experience swollen legs, ankles and/or feet (edema), particularly during your third trimester. To relieve this condition: 

  • Stay off your feet as much as possible
  • Wear comfortable shoes
  • Avoid sitting or standing for long periods

Note: Call your doctor if you notice sudden swelling in your hands and face. It could signal a dangerous pregnancy condition called preeclampsia.

Itchy Skin

It is not uncommon to feel itchy as the skin on your breasts and belly expands. Some women also find that their palms and the soles of their feet get red. You may also find that certain conditions that normally make you itchy (such as dry skin, eczema or food allergies) make you even itchier when you're pregnant.

To reduce discomfort, avoid taking hot showers or baths, use mild soap and moisturize liberally with lotion.

Intense Itching

Severe itchiness in the second or, more commonly, third trimester can be a sign of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, a liver problem that affects up to 2 percent of pregnant women and may spell trouble for your baby. Call your doctor immediately if you think you have cholestasis. If you do, your doctor will recommend the appropriate tests for you and your baby.

When to See a Doctor: Contact your obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GY) promptly if you begin to feel persistent of extreme itchiness.

Stretch Marks

Not all women get stretch marks. Because they appear in areas where the skin has stretched rapidly due to weight gain, you may reduce your chances by gradually adding pounds, and not exceeding the recommended weight for your body type. 

If you do get stretch marks, there are some options for minimizing their appearance. Some studies have shown that topical ointments may help; however, they must be applied soon after you give birth (note: Some topical treatments are not safe to use while you are pregnant and/or nursing, so consult with your doctor). 

Fast-growing Fingernails

Sometime around the fourth month, your nails may start to grow faster than usual. They may also become softer or more brittle and develop tiny grooves. They should return to normal within a few months postpartum.

Body Changes to Get Excited About

While pregnancy brings about many challenges physically, there are a few physical changes you will wish lasted, such as:

  • A luxuriant head of hair
  • The proverbial "glow"
  • A newly ample bosom

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